Visit a spice garden, where smells of cinnamons, pepper, cardamom, nutmeg and mace overwhelm the senses and the visitors are provided an insight into an age old industry of spice production, which attracted many a European and Asian merchants to the ports of ancient Sri Lanka. Turmeric is synonymous with Sri Lankan cuisine and an import ban is helping boost production after the ravages of civil war, Last modified on Mon 7 Dec 2020 06.40 EST. In Sri Lankan cuisine, a pinch of turmeric brings the gold colour to sodhi, the mildly spiced coconut soup eaten with the island’s carbohydrate-rich foods. It is most widely used spice all over the world. It is a great source of minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, zinc and magnesium. It is a widely used ingredient in desserts and baked products like desserts, confectionaries, baked food. Nutmeg, a perennial evergreen spice tree, is native to the Moluccas in East Indonesia. Ceylon Pepper from Sri Lanka Hailed as the king of spices, pepper, the most consumed spice in the world, is taken from the berries (or from ‘drupes’ to use its exact botanical name) of the plant Piper nigrum which is native to the Malabar Coast in the Indian state of Kerala. Correct harvesting time It is not possible to produce a good spice product from low … In the markets, a kilogram of raw turmeric root used to sell for 80 rupees (30p), but with the import ban in place, demand rose. Mysore – Inflorescence is … Nutmeg & mace are two distinctly separate spices derived from the same plant. It is also known to be an antifungal, anti-depressant, aphrodisiac, digestive and carminative agent. The extent under cinnamon in Sri Lanka is 25,500ha. Cultivation Cardamom can be found in central hill country of Sri Lanka where elevation is 600M amsl. Also called true cinnamon, this is the crop that put Sri Lanka on the spice map. Smallholder Agribusiness Partnerships Programme. The primary form of agriculture in Sri Lanka is rice production. Spice of life: how turmeric became the 'new gold' for Sri Lanka villagers Turmeric is synonymous with Sri Lankan cuisine and an import ban is helping boost production after … Before cardamom cultivation was banned in KFR in 1985, plantations there accounted for more than half of Sri Lanka's total production. Indonesia. Apart from disturbing biodiversity, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), plantations affect water and soil quality in tropical forests, the studies said. From ancient times, Nutmeg has been a most prized spice. One night in 1999 about 50 people from this village were slaughtered. Seeing the success of the 100 Gonagala farmers, another 150 farmers from neighbouring areas have joined the project and Sapp is now working across five districts in Sri Lanka and plans to install grinding machines at the village co-operative centre in Gonagala. In 1505 AD, Portuguese came to Sri Lanka. During ripening, the fruit’s colour changes to yellow, and the pericarp is split into two halves exposing the seeds. Some farmers paid off their debt. “We thought we wouldn’t be able to sell our harvest when the coronavirus came,” says Bandara, “but we received a better price this time. This site uses cookies to deliver our services and to show you ads based on your interests. The initial shortages after the ban created a black market for turmeric as prices rocketed. In ancient times it maintained relations with the Greeks, Romans and Arabs through its spice trade. “So they feel empowered.”. It is a spice obtained by making shavings … Ceylon Cardamoms has created for its self a niche market in the world of Spices. By using our website, you agree to the use of cookies. In Sri Lankan cuisine, a pinch of turmeric brings the gold colour to sodhi, the mildly spiced coconut soup eaten with the island’s carbohydrate-rich foods. Just like with Sri Lanka, the successful spice trade in the Banda Islands led to bloody wars between the colonial powers who were fighting over the Asian spice trade. The islands are also known as Spice Islands. It is also used in the manufacturing of toothpaste, cough syrup, and is also an essential ingredient in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine and aromatherapy. Last December, the Sri Lankan government banned the importation of turmeric and several other spices, with a view to pushing local production and helping small-scale farmers. Sri Lanka Green Cardamom annual Production is around 1,000 - 2,000 Metric Tons We are Trusted Exporter and Supplier of Quality Ceylon Cardamom in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka was in the past self-sufficient in turmeric cultivation but along the years, its production fell, according to W.M.W. “We aim to establish a turmeric federation in the country so that when we end our intervention, farmers can continue on their own,” Mapatuna says. Somathilaka Wijesinghe, the deputy programme manager at Sapp, began working closely with the farmers. Malabar – Inflorescence is prostrate. The total extent of. Nutmeg butter is produced by compressing the whole nut or carbon dioxide extraction and is a semisolid of yellow colour with many uses in the personal care and cosmetic industry. Cinnamon (Kurundu) Cinnamon refers to Cinnamomum Verum or ‘true cinnamon,’which is a plant endemic to Sri Lanka. One of the Gonagala farmers. Apart from cinnamon, Sri Lanka produces all sorts of other spices, some of which are also used for natural Ayurvedic remedies. The fruits are fleshy and broad with longitudinal ridges along their circumference. A step by step guide for Cinnamon farming: Today, we learn the farming of Cinnamon in India, Cinnamon growing conditions, Cinnamon plant care, pruning of Cinnamon plants, training of Cinnamon plants and harvesting process of Cinnamon. Contact us for all products related to Spice & Export Crop cultivation in Sri Lanka. There are two Agriculture Parks abbreviated as A.Parks established by the Department of Agriculture. “Most of us invested the money we received from turmeric for our children’s education. Nutmeg prefers cooler climes, so it is mainly cultivated in Sri Lanka’s central regions – in the districts of Matale, Kegalle and Kandy. Sri Lanka produces 2,000 tonnes of turmeric a year, but the nationwide demand for the spice is close to 7,000 tonnes. In ancient times it maintained relations with the Greeks, Romans and Arabs through its spice trade. As you know this wonderful spice plant can be grown indoors. For a turmeric growers in the eastern Ampara district, the import ban proved a … At that time, they called us as Ceylon. From ancient times, Nutmeg has been a highly prized spice for its numerous culinary and other applications. It is also believed to have been used as a prized and costly spice in medieval cuisine, used as flavourings, medicines, preserving agents and that was at the time highly valued in the European markets. The fruit contains a hard pit, which is a nutmeg, while the lacy red membrane which surrounds it is called mace. Although there is evidence indicating that nutmeg had been brought to Sri Lanka before its formal introduction by merchants who travelled on the Silk Road. The British Colonials, reducing to demolish the monopoly held by Banda Islands for Nutmeg and Mace introduced its cultivation Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, and British Bencoolen, now a part of Indonesia; where it thrived as a crop. Pepper is cultivated over an area of 32,800 ha of Sri Lanka and Matale, Kandy, Kegalle, Kurunegala and Nuwara Eliya are … You can use well-drained pots for growing cinnamon at home. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as an anti-inflammatory. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as an anti-inflammatory. The flavour of mace is softer and fruitier than that of nutmeg and is used in delicately flavoured recipes. Others bought a bike or tuk-tuk [auto rickshaw] for them,” says Bandara “We were burdened by the war once, but now we are planning to make turmeric powder in the next harvest season and sell them in the market as Gonagala turmeric.”, Wild hing makes India’s heart sing as favourite spice is home-grown at last. Weerakoon, Director General of the Department of Agriculture. Pepper, which is the most widely traded spice in the world, is grown mainly in the wet zone of Sri Lanka. It became very lucrative for us.”. While India and Bolivia lead the world in cardamom cultivation, the spice is a major foreign exchange earner for Sri Lanka. History of Sri Lankan herbs and spices. The Sri Lanka navy busted several attempts to smuggle turmeric from south India. Most farmers didn’t have the necessary capital and weren’t able to get a bank loan. Hayleys Agriculture offers a variety of Spice cultivators in Sri Lanka. “This is why there is a strong need for pure, homegrown turmeric,” she says. View our Data Protection & Privacy Policy. Pepper, popularly known as the "King of spices" and it accounts for ….occupies largest percentage in the international spice trade. We are about to uncover the hidden mysteries of Ceylon spices Explore History Of Cinnamon Authentic cinnamon comes only from Ceylon Explore History Of … Some spices might change depending on the dish. Sri Lanka is famous for its high quality spices, even throughout history. Turmeric production in Ampara district in eastern Sri Lanka. The next harvest in late February should meet half of domestic demand, and by 2022, Mapatuna believes there will be enough of the crop to start exporting. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as […] Wijesinghe says the variety grown in Gonagala contains a higher proportion of curcumin, the active ingredient of turmeric which is believed to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant benefits. The following states are the major producers of cardamom in South India. Small-scale processing of spices can be economically and socially successful. The main exporting country today is Guatemala, where cardamom cultivation was introduced less than a century ago and the crop is grown entirely for export. All rights reserved. Last December, the Sri Lankan government banned the importation of turmeric and several other spices, with a view to pushing local production and helping small-scale farmers. Sri Lankan nutmeg and mace suppliers export whole nutmeg, nutmeg essential oil, and ground nutmeg and mace to global markets. Dayarathne Bandara, 54, is president of the Agriculture Productivity Co-op Society in Gonagala, a village about 350km from the capital Colombo. Spice producers are the only gainers, say experts. Just like with Ceylon Tea, and other varieties of spices; Nutmeg, grown in Sri Lanka has developed an intricate chemical composition and a flavour complex based on the unique terroir of the country, and is identified under the geographical indication of Ceylon Nutmeg. Researchers from Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom… It also is rich in B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin A and many flavonoid antioxidants like beta carotene and cryptoxanthin. Kerala : 77%; Karnataka : 16%; Tamil Nadu : 7%; When it comes large cardamom, the following are the major production states in India. Enjoy the Sri Lanka’s world renowned spices at their source. In Sri Lanka, cardamom is mainly cultivated in the districts of Kandy, Matale, Kegalle, Nuwara Eliya, Ratnapura and a part of Galle. The main spices produced in Sri Lanka include True Cinnamon, Pepper, Cardamom, Cloves, Nutmeg and Mace and the country is the ninth most important exporter of spices in the world. Most other cinnamon (from other countries) is from related species of plants and is called ‘cassia’. But cultivation of the traditional root almost died out during the Sri Lankan civil war, and the country now relies heavily on imported turmeric, growing only 2,000 of the 7,000 tonnes it consumes annually. Copyright © Export Development Board Sri Lanka. Nutmeg essential oil, obtained by the steam distillation of ground nutmeg, is an ingredient widely used as a natural food flavouring in baked goods, syrups, beverages, and sweets. One of the Gonagala farmers. Sri Lanka also has the potential for ginger, turmeric and vanilla cultivation and exports. Of all the spices used in Sri Lankan cuisine, the most famous one is Ceylon cinnamon. Mace powder has a distinct spicy-sweet taste and is used to add flavour to food, domestically and commercially. Many were trapped in a cycle of debt after taking high-interest loans from local businessmen. The paradise island Sri Lanka holds ancient secrets which transform lives. Accept, Enable JavaScript in web browser to get full functionality, Find Sri Lankan Export Products and Services, You can find information about cookies and their deactivation in our, About Ceylon Spices, Essential Oils & Oleoresins, Condiments and Spice Mixtures from Sri Lanka, Spice & Allied products Export Performance, Spices and Allied Products eBrochures & Reading Materials, Printing, Prepress and Packaging Products, Trade Facilitation and Trade Information Division. The Banda Islands in Maluku Province, Indonesia, are the earliest known nutmeg cultivation areas in the world. Kandy, Matale, Kegalle, Nuwara Eliya, Rathnapura and a part of Galle are the major growing districts. You can find information about cookies and their deactivation in our Privacy Policy & Cookie Policy. Sri Lanka, historically renowned under names such as Tabrobane, Serendib and Ceylon, was famous for its high quality spices throughout history. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as an anti-inflammatory. India exports 5,000 tonnes of turmeric annually to Sri Lanka. The export of spices Nutmeg and mace powder are primarily used for culinary purposes to flavour curries, confectioneries and bakery products as well as beverages including eggnog, tea and coffee. Spice companies in Sri Lanka. The main reasons for this popularity were the … Just like with Ceylon Tea, and other varieties of spices; Nutmeg, grown in Sri Lanka has developed an intricate chemical composition and a flavour complex based on the unique terroir of the country, and is identified under the geographical indication of Ceylon Nutmeg. Up to the 19th Century, nutmeg was only grown in Banda Islands or Spice Islands in Eastern Indonesia, which also served as an entrepot destination for cloves. From 150kg of turmeric seeds planted in a quarter acre of land, 2,000kg of the “new gold” was harvested. For turmeric growers in the eastern Ampara district, the import ban proved a blessing during the Covid-19 pandemic. Indonesia is the world's top producer of nutmeg, making up about 50% of the world's production. In Gonagala, Bandara and others are now distributing seeds to other villages. After their spring harvest, Bandara and others were getting 300 rupees (£1.20) a kilogram, and dried turmeric was fetching 4,000 rupees (£16) a kilogram. It consists of essential oils, which give out its distinct flavour and aroma. Myristica fragrans is, in fact, the only tree in the world that produces two separate spices. Nutmeg and Mace are two separate spices derived from the fruit of tree Myristica fragrans of the family Myristicaceae. But cultivation of the traditional root almost died out during the Sri Lankan civil war, and the country now relies heavily on imported turmeric, growing only 2,000 of the 7,000 tonnes it consumes annually. Although cinnamon cultivation is presently concentrated along the coastal belt stretching along from Kaluthara to Mathara, it has also made inroads to the inland of Kalutara, Ambalangoda, Matara and Ratnapura. Once the project was approved, we set up a turmeric development plan for 100 farmers in Gonagala,” Wijesinghe says. They brought our spices to Europe but they did not try to cultivate spices here. While nutmeg is available as whole fruit, nutmeg and mace is commonly found in grounded form and is also used to produce essential oil through steam distillation. But in 2018, nearly a decade after the end of the war, Bandara and other villagers wrote to the agriculture ministry’s Smallholder Agribusiness Partnerships Programme (Sapp), seeking support to replant the crop. 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