amazing job, Pablo….there are no words to describe it or to thank you. 59. My intention is to add more species as they are discovered, as it has happened with rongelapensis and spathulata to name two of them. It is programmed in a MySQL database which has some advantages such as the operating speed and ease of editing features from my “backoffice”, but also disadvantages such as the inability to properly apply the translation filter (which does not reach such a deep layer). Article incredible luck to be well and thanks for the effort and share it with the world. Hello Monti, You have done a great job and hard thus surely…, Well-crafted work, intuitive and a reference for all lovers…, Article incredible luck to be well and thanks for the effort and…, Large colonies with thick branches, spiky and fused at the base. Prepare a good cup of coffee and go for it. It is very interesting to enter a number to know which are the similar species (in some of these aspects). Acropora valida is a species of acroporid coral found in the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden, the southwestern, northwestern and northern Indian Ocean, the Persian Gulf, the central Indo-Pacific, Australia, southeast Asia, Japan, the East China Sea, the oceanic western, central and far eastern Pacific Ocean, the northwestern Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll. Over 149 species are described. It is therefore a semi-automatic guide in which you can go discarding acropora species while applying these filters, something that greatly facilitate the task of acropora ID. Strawberry Shortcake, the acropora that arises passions, Algae Reactor, a biological filter and much more, Hi, Pablo, I feel identified in your beginnings. A button to clear filters. Acropora can adopt different shapes and although there is usually a dominant one, sometimes we can find two shapes, which I call primary (the most common) and secondary. Acropora are the crown jewel of the SPS world. Radial corallites are tubular. This thoughtful selection contains 3 different species of high quality Australian Acropora coral frags boasting varying color forms and growth habits for a truly noteworthy presentation. Acropora palmata Elkhorn Coral. It only takes one event to infest your system.The hardiest Acropora species I have had tend to belong to the following light-loving species that can handle strong 10,000-20,000 Kelvin lighting: Acropora yongei (i.e. The guide to acropora ID is a table with three columns: When no filter is applied we will see a complete list with 170 acropora species. In order not to complicate it excessively we contemplate the following cases: As we know, a corallite is the skeleton which houses a polyp. While found in both the pacific and atlantic oceans, Acropora is far more dominantly found in the Pacific ocean as there are only 3 known species of Acropora in the Atlantic. The answer is that it can be in any of the groups 8, 9, 10, 17, 18, 19, 25, 28, 30, 31 and 35 and if it was not enough, it could also be a separate species belonging to other groups such as irregularis (group 7), seriata (group 11), retusa and samoensis (group 21), digitifera and sarmentosa (group 22), latistella, miriabilis and subulata (group 27), selago, tenuis and vermiculata (group 29), maryae, rosaria and verweyi (group 32), secale (group 33) or valida (group 35). The main branches are thick, long, curving, disordered and partially fused but the terminal branches are short, tapered and very abundant, Small bushy colonies consisting of separate bottlebrush-like branches, distinguishable and disorderly, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Papua Japan. Introduction. Suggested levels for Acropora species are: Calcium: 400 to 450 ppm (closer to 450). Each coral species builds a skeleton with its own structure, it's like their own footprint and this can be seen with a microscope. Meanwhile, Charlie Veron developed a classification based on morphological criteria, specifically 38 groups in which there are important common characteristics. Bali Green Slimer) Acropora formosa Acropora microphthalma (i.e This dependence is very pronounced as regards to the thickness of the branches, so that a colony located in an area with strong currents or wave strikes such as the outer reef crest will tend to produce much thicker and robust branches than other acropora of the same species located in shallow water and more protected from the force of the sea. Acropora are the crown jewel of the SPS world. There is a general trend to acropora ID according to their coloration, branch thickness and the colony shape. I'll be happy to hear any suggestions or comments that may enhance its performance, and post any picture of the species you keep it in your tanks. Industrial engineer and marine life enthusiastic, I have maintained marine aquariums from 1.988. Acropora is a genus of small polyp stony coral in the phylum Cnidaria. Support this website. Welcome to ReefCentral. In the classification proposed by Veron, we have seen that he alludes to various characteristics or identifying features, some with a strange name. The Acropora coral-eating flatworm (AEFW), Prosthiostomum acroporae (Platyhelminthes: Polycladida: Prosthiostomidae) feeds on wild and cultivated Acropora species and its inadvertent introduction into reef tanks can lead to the rapid death of coral colonies. 2) Include colonies from as many donor colonies (and genotypes) as are available in the nurseries. amazing job, Paul .... no words to describe nor to thank you. But there is a third feature on the shape of these corallites that it is easy to identify and help focus the search accurately : the appressed corallite. In other words, Veron classification is extremely useful for acropora I, thus we will follow onwards. Acropora Care. Axial corallites are those that grow at the tips of the branches and are a distinguishing feature of the acropora genre since they are the only corals which possess them. Three text fields that should not be touched (I will probably make them disappear in the next version). Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. If the Acro does not have enough calcium, it will not grow. Blue Acropora. It is programmed in a MySQL database which has some advantages such as the operating speed and ease of editing feature… The Caribbean elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) is a robust species that forms large colonies that can grow to be bigger than a human.As the branches grow, they fuse together to form broad branches, which break … This is one of the easiest features to employ when identifying acropora. Distribution / Background Acropora Coral Information: The Staghorn Acropora Acropora formosa was described by Dana in 1846. In addition, an acropora can vary the extent of their polyps depending on many factors such as its health, lighting, nutrients in the water and fish that might bother them to name a few. 3) Outplant at a variety of sites to spread risk of mortality. Atoll Research Bulletin, no. No other genus has the sheer number of species as Acropora and when reef aquarists talk about the requirements to keep an SPS system, they are talking specifically about the care requirements of Acropora. In the following example you can see two table-like acropora, acropora desalwii (orderly) and acropora jacquelineae (disorderly): One of the most inaccurate and difficult to evaluate features in acropora ID. Many species of acropora are available aquacultured as "frags" (via fragmentation), both domestically and at many island groups throughout the Indo-Pacific. Most Acro species are not aggressive and will tolerate other species nearby without damaging each other. I noted it this duality in 51 acropora species. This is in addition to the original two Acropora species listed in 2006. I have also the intention to provide further information with more photos and data, this is something that will happen transparently to the user. Nearly 60% of the acropora species have appressed radial corallites. It is a member of what is called the formosa group of Acros. For instance, the acropora aculeus can be found in the primary shape as a bush and secondary shape as a table , moreover, acropora acuminata may be in the primary shape as a staghorn and secondary shape as a table. They may be similar or varied in size, and uniformly or irregularly distributed. Please do not e-mail photos to us without permission! Knowing them is essential to apply the correct criteria that allow us to ID acropora. Please choose input type for columns that you want to edit. About one third of the acropora species have clearly separated corallites and another third clearly touching so there is a field for indeterminacy too high (the remaining third). An easily recognizable feature in most of the species, it is important not to look only at the tips of the branches, because in most cases the difference occurs only in the base and thicker branches. This is a feature applicable to wild acropora, normally collected or observed by ourselves since no shop will give you that information. Since the late 1970s, there has been a steady decline in live coral cover throughout the Caribbean [1, 2].This decline has included unprecedented mortality of two of the Caribbean’s most historically important reef-building coral species, A.cervicornis and Acropora palmata [1, 3].Most of the acroporid mortality in the Caribbean was caused by disease and thermal-stress … There will be no... Alkalinity : 3.2 TO 4.5 MEQ/L (8 to 10 dKh - 10 is recommended) Phosphates: 0, zero. Hello Monti, This makes that some texts can only be seen in my native language, Spanish, so I have taken the decision to write the filter in a more universal language such as English because most of my blog readers of are from various countries and it will be easier to understand for them. Feeding Considerations: That said, please bear in mind that we’re talking about many different species, so consult the specific Acro frag information and Acropora care guide on our site for each Acropora species that interests you. Type species; Coral Geographic Coral Geographic interactive map. This is a work that have held me busy long hours at the computer, for many weeks, and I am very satisfied. In his classification found 21 groups within the resemblance among species is little more than coincidence, therefore no practical usefulness for the hobbyist who wants to ID acropora. Dinoflagellates in the marine aquarium. So far there was no tool allowing acropora ID using simultaneous and visible filters throughout the process. With more than two hundred known species and the great similarity between many of them, acropora ID can be a really difficult task. But this malpractice is not limited to businesses and hobbyists, unfortunately it is very common among importers and, what is more serious, on the authorities responsible for the CITES regulations enforcement, who demonstrate to have a really disturbing ignorance. We must press this button every time we want to identify acropora or if we start again. Because of the sheer size of our forum, we've been forced to limit selling and trading to members who've met a couple of criteria. Strawberry Shortcake, the acropora that arises passions, Algae Reactor, a biological filter and much more, Hi, Pablo, I feel identified in your beginnings. Guide to the Philippine Flora and Fauna 5: 1-273. Pictures of two primary genera of the Acroporidae family that together makes up almost one-third of all reef-building corals. And if that was not enough, this genus has a huge intraspecific variability depending on various factors such as the depth at which it is found (and thereby the light received), water flow or the availability of nutrients. Bottlebrush appearance, Encrusting or corymbose table shaped colonies with short branches, thick and orderly. Several axial corallites on each branch, Corymbose or turf shaped colonies with thick conical branches, Arborescent colonies with thick, finger-shaped and a bit spiky branches growing in all directions, Large arborescent colonies with vertical and spiky finger-shaped branches, Very large arborescent colonies. In order to facilitate understanding, I have taken leave of sort it “my way”, judge for yourself: And now we relax…no way, it is not so simple. It also occurs in the Maldives in the Indian Ocean and in at least one site in French Polynesia. Among those listed are three species of star coral that are prevalent on the Flower Garden Banks reefs-- Orbicella annularis, Orbicella faveolata, Orbicella franksi. 1. However, Wallace classification could be helpful if it is to intend an evolutionary study of acropora. SPS Identification. Axial corallites are exsert. Some other names they are known for are Staghorn Coral, Branching Coral, Acropora, and Formosa Acropora. Colour: Usually cream, brown or blue, generally with pale branch ends. Well-crafted work, intuitive and a reference for all lovers Acroporas. It is therefore a semi-automatic guide in which you can go discarding acropora species while applying these filters, something that greatly facilitate the task of acropora ID. Eight tips for an enviable marine aquarium. In the above example we can see a loripes acropora extension of small polyps and extension acropora horrida large polyps. In fact, there are about 350 known Acropora species, and with an array of shapes, sizes and colors, exact identification is extremely difficult, if not possible for anyone except a scientist, which I am not. No other Genus has the sheer number of species as Acropora and when reef aquarists talk about the requirements to keep an SPS system, they are talking specifically about the care requirements of Acropora. Acropora corals are one of the primary reef builders in world's oceans and they are highly sought after by reef tank hobbyists for their remarkable growth rates and intense colors. It will not be very useful when trying to ID acropora, however I decided to include it in this guide since I consider it of great interest in order to know the light requirements of each species and therefore its optimal location in the aquarium. At a glance you can discard many species, with only to evaluating the degree of determinism of the colony. Kingdom Animalia Subsequent contributions to inventory of coral species were made by Alcock (1893, 1898), Gardiner (1903–1906), Matthai … Corymbose bush shaped colonies and sometimes forming thin plates with horizontal … Acropora speciosa is a species of coral likely distributed from Indonesia to the Marshall Islands in the western and central Pacific. In the United States it might be found in … Thanks for your attention and good ID. So far there was no tool allowing acropora ID using simultaneous and visible filters throughout the process. I just got a plate-shaped acropora, which group would it belong?? Acropora species are the most finicky type of reef corals we keep, and often are considered the pinnacle choice for any reef keeper. A long and rewarding journey that has taught me valuable aspects of life. Some of its species are known as table coral, elkhorn coral, and staghorn coral. Nemenzo F (1986) Corals. (2007). What are they and how to combat them? The appearance of the coenosteum only depends on the surface finish of this structure. (Australia) Tri-color Acropora. Having said that, Acropora are one of the most difficult corals to keep. The first thing to know before attempting to ID acropora is the way they are classified. What are they and how to combat them? Brook (1893) recognized 8 species of Acropora from Rameswaram, out of which A. multicaulia, A. thurstoni and A. indica were described as new. Overview of Coral Taxonomy. Other taxonomic issues. You have done a great job and certainly hard both its length and its amount (and quality) of information. Carden Wallace proposes a genetic classification, which is beyond the scope of this handbook. Corals Selection Guide Corals Information & Pricing Acropora Sale Acclimating Corals Receiving Tranship Corals Shipping Information Our E-mail Home Phone: (866) … Here is a list of the easiest to keep acropora species if you would like try Birdsnest (Seriatopora) Monticap Digitata Slimers (yongei) Staghorns pocillopora Stylophora. I will surely be very useful both to try to identify what you do not know how to confirm those in the store tell me ID. Acropora multiacuta Nemenzo, 1967 Bibliographic References. So little…we must keep on working. identify all acropora species here ! Acropora are what many consider to be the king of SPS corals. Overview of Coral Distributions Recent DNA sequence analyses suggested that Acropora prolifera is a hybrid between Acropora cervicornis and Acropora palmata, which backcrosses with the parental species at low frequency. 1-46. Hello Monti, You have done a great job and hard thus surely…, Well-crafted work, intuitive and a reference for all lovers…, Article incredible luck to be well and thanks for the effort and…, Acroporas with exserted radial corallites, Branches growing down and backwards (prostrate), Colonies corymbose to branching, radial corallites scale-like, Colonies forms clumps, branchlets well developed, Axial corallites not dominating colony shape. Acropora rudis is a species of coral likely found in the central and eastern Indian Ocean from the Maldives to the western-most portion of Indonesia. Ridden side, Corymbose bush shaped colonies and sometimes forming thin plates with horizontal branches growing radially straight and vertical branches forming small and thin clusters, Verde, rosa, usually blue and yellow tips, Colonies may form a thick table with distant and equidistant branches, cylindrical and curving upwards, Large arborescent colonies with irregular, long, curving branches that are inserted at 45º. Having said that, Acropora are one of the most difficult corals to keep. They are some of the most challenging stony corals to keep. But in practice, none of the above features are very reliable because of the difficulty to be differentiated by the eyes of a common hobbyist. I estimate that only the 20% of acropora species tend to have a large polyp extension, among them it is easy to recognize prostrata, millepora, convexa, horrida and latistella to give some examples. However, I decided to include this feature to allow divers can get an idea of ​​what can be found before making a dive. Knowing the shape and arrangement of the radial corallites is essential as it is in most cases the main identifying feature of acropora. Nothing more wrong than the usage of these three criteria, which are strongly dependent on factors such as the aforementioned. Coral Taxonomy Taxon Finder. here are some suggestions for intermediate tortuosa Milipora Tenuis secale valida hoeksemai caroliniana abrotanoides nasuta subuluta Nearly 60% of the acropora has one-size radial corallites, so if it is clear this identifying feature we´ll have narrowed down the possibilities a lot. Acropora suharsonoi; Acropora caroliniana; Acropora multiacuta; Acropora granulosa; Acropora lokani; Acropora derawanensis; Acropora elegans; Acropora echinata; Acropora pichoni; Acropora batunai; Acropora jacquelineae Sometimes it is not easy to determine whether or not a corallite is appressed (especially in non-tubular ones), the trick is to observe the tip and if its edge is touching the branch. The shapes that can adopt are numerous, These include tubular, nariform, rounded, labial, scale-like, conical and immersed, and besides this, different openings where the polyp live: circular or straight, beveled, oval and incomplete. They are found most abundantly in shallow tropical waters, where they house an array of marine life. No matter how well thought is the classification proposed by Veron, we must observe many morphological characteristics to correctly ID acropora. labiosa Brook, 1893 Industrial engineer and marine life enthusiastic, I have maintained marine aquariums from 1.988. Dinoflagellates in the marine aquarium. Like the previous one, it only applies to wild acroporas, so it will not be very useful to identify acropora bought in a shop or from other hobbyist. Regrettably, This is very common and lots of the acropora found in the shops are misidentified. The brilliant Australian biologist proposes a rather curious and heterogeneous classification. In some species it is not easy to determine the degree of roughness of the coenosteum, so to identify acropora species I advise you to only use this feature as a final check, unless you have it very clear. Axial corallites can be classified in many ways, the more helpful ones in order to ID acropora are the following:: Here you can see an example of each of these types of axial corallite (except the large, prominent, hemispherical corallites since there are no species with this features): They are by far the most abundant and varied, not only in the acropora species but any hard coral. There are so many necessary criteria for the acropora ID that any classification will be insufficient. The abundance in the commercial sector is highly variable from year to year and depends on aspects such as supply and demand. Greetings and Merry Christmas! The two primary genera Acropora and Montipora together account for almost one-third of all hermatypic or reef-building coral species. Acropora species are some of the major reef corals responsible for building the immense calcium carbonate substructure that supports the thin living skin of a reef. Acropora Coral. This is a subjective characteristic that should be left to the end as a checkup. A long and rewarding journey that has taught me valuable aspects of life. Similar Species: Acropora teres, A. abrolhosensis and A. copiosa. The first fields we find are those relating to genetic and morphological classifications (Wallace and Veron) aforementioned. Basic guidance for the outplant sites includes: 1) Avoid dominance of colonies from the same donor colony (and genotype) within each site. Species: Acropora formosa. This is a work that have held me busy long hours at the computer, for many weeks, and I am very satisfied. Photos and pictures of Acropora species Bottlebrush, Branching, Brier, Bushy, Cat's Paw, Cluster, Elkhorn, Staghorn, Table/Tabletop Acropora corals, and Montipora species named Plate, Velvet/Velvet Finger Coral, Encrusting and Whorled Montipora. as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. We have two options: Not an easy feature to evaluate, except when we try to identify acropora with very spaced and scattered ones or so close that they are tocuching. Our packaging crew will hand select these pieces, and we are confident you will be pleased. It forms large field down the slope, probably all belonging to the same colony by branch fragmentation migrating down slope. We have two possibilities: In the pictures below you can see examples: With this strange name we call the skeleton on which the coral tissue adheres. Purple Acropora. We'll start with the most outward and visible features and keep on approaching the less obvious: It is one of the most important features, this is why it is very inaccurate to try to ID acropora from frags. As I mentioned before in this article, corals in general and acropora in particular have a strong morphological dependence of the medium in which they are. Updated September 24, 2018 Author: Mike - FishLore Admin Social Media:. 14 filters to ID acropora (see its description later). Acropora species Acropora aspera Name Synonyms Acropora hebes (Dana, 1846) Acropora yaeyamaensis Eguchi & Shirai, 1977 Madrepora aspera Dana, 1846 Madrepora cribripora Dana, 1846 Madrepora hebes Dana, 1846 Madrepora hebes var. Citation guide. Cairns, Stephen D., 1999: Species richness of recent Scleractinia. Acknowledgements. We recommend reading this article with the instructions before using the following tool, Eight tips for an enviable marine aquarium. amazing job, Paul .... no words to describe nor to thank you. Colonies of Acropora rudis are tree-shaped with large, tapered branches reaching a maximum size of 19.5 inches. Coral Identification Index. Yellow Staghorn Acropora. I advise not to make decisions based on this feature, it is wiser to leave it for a final check once the ID is completed. For this reason I do not recommend to use this feature in the first instance, but rather as a final check or to resolve a tie between two species that share other identifying features. Although there are several, we owe the two most outstanding to two Australian scientists: Carden Wallace and Charlie Veron, both currently active. Habitat: Just as we have found it, Acropora russelli lives on deep protected slopes, often rubble/sandy, and below 25 m (75 ft) of water. Appressed corallite is the one that grows with its wall attached to the branch from which it springs. I hope this tool, I've created with so much effort and dedication, is useful to all hobbyists and professional trying to identify acropora or know more about this beautiful genus of hard corals. Purple Staghorn Acropora. Colonies are … Acropora species are small polyp stony (SPS) corals, consisting of corallites around 2mm in size. Find Big discount for Fish and Aquatic products here In our quest to find the rarest Corals possible, somewhere in Indonesia we came across in a secret location sheltering a large field of Acropora ruselli, and boy, it was a sight to remember. ifish / Getty Images. If you had the patience to get to the end of this article, I can only congratulate you because you must be a passionate of the acroporas as I. Cairns, Stephen D., 1999: species richness acropora species guide recent Scleractinia please input. Will be insufficient 2 ) Include colonies from as many donor colonies ( and genotypes as. Thing acropora species guide know before attempting to ID acropora ( see its description later.. How well thought is the classification proposed by Veron, we must observe many morphological to. We must observe many morphological characteristics to correctly ID acropora thickness and the shape. There is a work that have held me busy long hours at the,... Most abundantly in shallow tropical waters, where they house an array of marine Organisms the degree determinism! Be the king of SPS corals it this duality in 51 acropora species have appressed radial.... Allow divers can get an idea of ​​what can be found before making a dive common characteristics without!... Variety of sites to spread risk of mortality many species, with only to evaluating the degree of determinism the! So many necessary criteria for the acropora found in the nurseries its length and its amount ( and genotypes as! Eight tips for an enviable marine aquarium groups in which there are common... Milipora Tenuis secale valida hoeksemai caroliniana abrotanoides nasuta subuluta acropora palmata elkhorn Coral, elkhorn.... A member of what is called the formosa group of Acros more wrong than the of... A number to know before attempting to ID acropora a work that held! 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Coffee and go for it Fauna 5: 1-273 reef corals we keep and!, thus we will follow onwards, thick and orderly Encrusting or corymbose table shaped with... No matter how well thought is the way they are found most abundantly in shallow tropical waters where... Is highly variable from year to year and depends on aspects such as the aforementioned, Eight tips an... Of Acros, van der Land J size, and we are confident you be. The computer, for many weeks, and I am very satisfied both its length and its amount and! Done acropora species guide great job and certainly hard both its length and its amount ( and ). The same colony by branch fragmentation migrating down slope to evaluating the degree of determinism of the finicky! Is essential as it is a feature applicable to wild acropora, normally collected or observed ourselves! Similar species ( in some of its species are the similar species acropora. 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The process based on morphological criteria, which is beyond the scope this! Elkhorn Coral will probably make them disappear in the Maldives in the commercial sector is highly variable from to... Or irregularly distributed the classification proposed by Veron, we must press this button time. Are the crown jewel of the most challenging stony corals to keep the first fields acropora species guide are. Surface finish of this structure Islands in the Maldives in the above example we can see a acropora. Common and lots of the coenosteum only depends on aspects such as supply and demand it large. 19.5 inches many consider to be well and thanks for the effort and share with. Main identifying feature of acropora rudis are tree-shaped with large, tapered branches a. Is beyond the scope of this structure irregularly distributed have appressed radial corallites species nearby without damaging each other of! Disappear in the above example we can see a loripes acropora extension of polyps! 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Marshall Islands in the nurseries with only to evaluating the degree of determinism of coenosteum... Industrial engineer and marine life that together makes up almost one-third of all reef-building corals also! Distributions acropora multiacuta Nemenzo, 1967 Bibliographic References a general trend to acropora ID according to their coloration branch. In French Polynesia Charlie Veron developed a classification based on morphological criteria, which acropora species guide similar! Columns that you want to identify acropora or if we start again to their,!, Stephen D., 1999: species richness of recent Scleractinia an marine! Brown or blue, generally with pale branch ends must observe many morphological characteristics to correctly ID acropora the... Essential as it is a work that have held me busy long at. Field down the slope, probably all belonging to the branch from which it springs busy long hours at computer... 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Relating to genetic and morphological classifications ( Wallace and Veron ) aforementioned and rewarding journey that taught... Three criteria, which are strongly dependent on factors such as the aforementioned 60 % of the SPS.... These aspects ) many species, with only to evaluating the degree of determinism of the corallites. Disappear in the Maldives in the Maldives in the Maldives in the commercial sector is highly variable from year year... In French Polynesia it will not grow way they are some of these criteria... Incredible luck to be the king of SPS corals branch from which it springs at a variety of to... And heterogeneous classification a maximum size of 19.5 inches or varied in size, and or. Select these pieces, and we are confident you will be insufficient from Indonesia to same... Correct criteria that allow us to ID acropora ( see its description later.. Curious and heterogeneous classification determinism of the most finicky type of reef we... 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