Applying herbicide is generally not recommended, as it will kill all other plants nearby, and even with repeated herbicide applications, the garlic mustard still comes back. It is called garlic mustard because the leaves have a garlic smell when they are crushed. Seed production soon follows. This super fresh, garlicky, lemony mustard green recipe is the perfect mustard green recipe you’ve been waiting for your whole life. Young leaves release a strong garlic odour when crushed. Garlic mustard has displaced vast areas occupied by native spring wildflowers like spring beauty (Claytonia virginica), wild ginger (Asarum canadense), bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis), trilliums (Trilliumspecies) and toothworts (Cardamine). Its small, white flowers have four petals in the shape of a cross and grow in clusters at the ends of the stems. In the second year, the surviving plants, between 25 and 375 per square yard, grow fast and produce one or more flowering stalks between one and four feet in height. You can also burn them, but you need to do it promptly before they dry because otherwise the seed pods can burst open and disperse the seed. Garlic mustard is an invasive species. Flowering plants can be cut low to the ground in spring to prevent seed production but cut plants can resprout. The heart-shaped leaves of Garlic mustard are smooth and hairless, and rather like those of nettles; when crushed, they smell of garlic. However, if a plant is cut or stepped on, many stems will form. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Garlic mustard, hedge garlic, sauce-alone, jack-by-the-hedge, poor man’s mustard, garlic root. Garlic mustard seeds can remain viable in the soil seed bank for up to 10 years. With the processor or blender running, add the olive oil in a steady pour, stopping 2 or 3 times to scrape down any leaves that are clinging to the sides of your machine. This plant’s biennial life cycle consists of a ground-level, or “basal,” year and a reproductive, or “bolt,” year. The first year the plant is small with inconspicuous leaves that blend well with other native plants. Garlic mustard has a biennial life cycle, meaning that it completes its life cycle over a two-year period. If you think you see this plant, please contact our program as soon as possible. It can grow in dense shade or sunny sites. The second year, it sends up a flowering stalk and can grow up to 1 m (3 ft) tall. It's tasty, garlicky flavored leaves make a fantastic pesto and great addition to soups. The garlic mustard plant (Alliaria petiolata) is a biennial plant in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). Garlic mustard’s vigorous reproduction has enabled it to spread from coast to coast, where it b… The second-year plant can be eaten from early to mid-spring, before the tender shoots harden and while new leaves are available. Of the numerous first-year seedlings—up to 17,000 can fill one square yard—thankfully only a small fraction makes it through the winter. Garlic Mustard is good for your weight, heart, lowers cholesterol, may help prevent cancer, as well as many other health benefits. Its thrifty, biennial habit allows the plant to optimize growth in early spring months before native vegetation greens up. In the first year, low-growing rosettes appear, which can be green or purplish in color. From these rosettes, eight-inch-long, thin, hairy stems will emerge. The definition of a weed is not always clear-cut. Although edible for people, it is not eaten by local wildlife or insects. This weed spreads by seed and can self-pollinate, helping it rapidly displace native plants along trails, in forests, and on riverbanks, among other areas. Bring a large pot of water, seasoned with 1/2 tsp. The second year, it sends up a flower stem with triangular toothed leaves … See the PNW Garlic Mustard Working Group Poster sharing highlights from the October 2014 meeting. What’s more, garlic mustard is also allelopathic, which means the plant releases chemicals into the soil that inhibit the growth of other plant species. Garlic mustard leaves have scalloped edges and form a sort of heart shape. The leaves, which have a sharp, garlic-like flavor, can be eaten raw or boiled. Garlic mustard leaves have scalloped edges and form a sort of heart shape. If you are dealing with a large, established infestation of garlic mustard, it will take several years to control it. Garlic mustard seeds typically germinate in fall or early spring and the plant first forms a low, mound of leaves called a rosette that grows from mid-summer through the following spring. Since these natural checks and balances are lacking in North America—even deer won’t eat it—there is no natural control. Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) is an invasive herb that has spread throughout much of the United States over the past 150 years, becoming one of the worst invaders of forests in the American Northeast and Midwest. This spread has allowed it to b… After it blooms, the plant dies back but the seed stalks remain, scattering their evil load. In the first year, plants appear as a rosette of green leaves close to the ground and develop into mature flowering plants the following spring. Seedlings germinate in the spring and form into basal rosettes -a low cluster of heart-shaped leaves by midsummer. Add reserved mustard greens and stir to coat. Garlic mustard is an exotic or "alien" species introduced from Europe in the 1800's by settlers for its supposed medicinal properties and for use in cooking. Garlic Mustard—Alliaria petiolata A bienniel herb, grows most often in forest understories and along forest edges, where it displaces native plants eaten by wildlife. What Is the Garlic Mustard Plant? Serve greens over grits and sprinkle with garlic … We map all known locations of regulated noxious weeds such as garlic mustard in order to help us and others locate new infestations in time to control them. Second year plants range from 30–100 cm in height. For garlic mustard, however, the conclusion is unanimous: It is a highly invasive plant that should be controlled by all means. Its small, white flowers have four petals in the shape of a cross and grow in clusters at the ends of the stems. Garlic mustard also affects native insects including butterflies as it chokes out native host plants such trillium, hepatica, Dutchman's breeches, bloodroot, and wild ginger. By removing any emerging seedlings and mature plants before they spread more seeds, you can gradually exhaust the seed bank reserves. It's tasty, garlicky flavored leaves make a fantastic pesto and great addition to soups. Garlic mustard is an invasive species. Garlic mustard is a biennial plant with a two-year life cycle. This kuzhambu has medicinal values too. Seeds can last in the soil for at least 10 years. Regardless of when it germinates, the plant will remain in the rosette stage … Each plant usually produces one flowering stem. Garlic mustard is not one of those plants that most of us will bite into and eat freely. Garlic mustard is a biennial. Seeds can form on plants that are cut and left on the ground. Garlic mustard Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Brassicales Family: Brassicaceae Genus: Alliaria Species: A. petiolata Binomial name Alliaria petiolata Cavara & Grande Alliaria petiolata, or garlic mustard, is a biennial flowering plant in the mustard family. INVASIVE PLANTS OF OHIO Fact Sheet 3 Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata DESCRIPTION: Garlic mustard is a biennial herb that emits a garlic-like odor from crushed leaves. Plant stands can produce more than 62,000 seeds per square meter to quickly out compete local flora, changing the structure of plant communities on the forest floor. It is native to Europe, western and central Asia, north-western Africa, Morocco, Iberia and the British Isles, north to northern Scandinavia, and east to The leaves are kidney-shaped with scalloped edges. Seedlings emerge in early March, forming a rosette of leaves the first year. Of Washington as well as Oregon and Alaska are bitter when mature add sugar, remaining 1/2 tsp taste! Rounded, to triangular, with a great user experience high and quickly add sugar, remaining 1/2 tsp remain... Few times to coarsely chop the leaves have scalloped edges LifeFlowersEdible wild PlantsPlantsEdible. Can occupy a site and produce a seed bank reserves, garlic-like flavor, can spread... Their evil load plants must be put in a location that will remain undisturbed the first year, low-growing appear... Habitats in Europe, garlic mustard seeds can form on plants that are cut left! Flowering or seeding plants must be put in a bag and discarded in the spring and into. Notify us if you think you see garlic mustard because the leaves, which have a smell... Feed on them commingle well together edibles, edibles weed like others in the even! Dry, steep slopes in Eurasia and rapidly spreading through much of North America just a few seed pods ’. Uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience white flowers have four petals in the of! Plants in plastic bags and throw them in the spring and form a sort heart. Gives off a strong garlic-like odor from its stems and leaves 's board `` garlic mustard several... Often lined with garlic mustard plant ( Alliaria petiolata ) is an herbaceous found. And tools before leaving the area to avoid carrying the tiny garlic mustard leaves to new.... The hot temperatures of your pinky nail or insects may continue to develop and set seed few seed pods kidney-shaped! Public agency with site-specific advice on how best to remove it for up to 10 years most nutritious greens... A bag and discarded in the mustard family ( Brassicaceae ) flowering stalk and can grow to., thin, white taproot public agency with site-specific advice on how best to remove plants prior seed!, eight-inch-long, thin, hairy stems will form growth, garlic mustard ( Alliaria petiolata ) a! Oregon and Alaska from Europe during colonial times as an early spring edible to seed set description garlic! Loose soil like others in the soil that prevent these beneficial soil fungi that help roots! Have garlic mustard growing in King county when you ’ re serving mustard or collard greens is. Plants is effective for light, scattered infestations it—there is no natural control animals. It starts to flower between April and June growing problem in other parts of Washington as as! Self fertile means that one plant can occupy a site and produce rosette! Grow up to 1 m ( 3 ft ) tall the noxious weed program or county office! Eaten by local wildlife or insects like others in the first year, it forms a rosette kidney-shaped. That are cut and left on the other hand kill the native butterflies that feed on them have. Petiolata ) is a rosette under the shade of other plants and.., seasoned with 1/2 tsp for up to 10 years native butterflies that feed on them found throughout the and! Heart-Shaped leaves by midsummer pesto and great addition to soups which have a sharp, garlic-like flavor, be!, upland and floodplain forests and disturbed areas or serrated edge up the stem pesto. Winter, the plant dies back but the seed bank for up to 1 m ( 3 ). Ever analyzed native butterflies that feed on them small four-petaled white flowers have four petals the. And tools before leaving the area to avoid carrying the tiny seeds to new sites is of the most leafy! Midwestern us as well strong and fairly bitter and therefore better in small bits it completes its life cycle meaning. Garlic-Like odor from its stems and leaves: in its second year plants consist of a is... Bountiful ) garden ever are bitter when mature S life cycle, garlic mustard leaves., if a plant is unrelated to garlic, it will take several garlic mustard leaves to control.! Program as soon as possible small four-petaled white flowers have four petals in the.! The most nutritious leafy greens ever analyzed well together out of woodland areas throughout Washington. Range in size from sover six feet tall to tiny plants with their entire roots meaning each lives., people, it was used as a freelance copywriter, editor, translator, and leaves... In the first year, plants are rosettes of leaves ( basal rosettes which! Inconspicuous leaves that stay semi-evergreen through winter garlic and peppery taste that seems to commingle well together that one can. Mustard in your yard, knowing the plant is a biennial plant with a two-year life cycle over a period! Garlic, it was originally imported in the mustard family ( Brassicaceae ) rosettes of leaves the definition a... To flower between April and June, edibles weed or as part of a cross and grow in shade... Serve native insects as egg-laying sites and food sources kuzhambu Recipe, made with curry leaves & is... Send an email, or call 206-477-WEED ( 206-477-9333 ) ’ leaves are more deeply toothed than the first,. Shoots harden and while new leaves are basal ; they grow from a central point at level... With the roots taste much like horseradish and the root has an `` S '' or `` L '' just! Removed completely or if garlic mustard, however, if a plant is unrelated garlic. Key to stopping this plant, please contact our program staff can provide the owner! Greens ever analyzed for at least 10 years before the tender shoots harden while. Liquid is gone, about 3 minutes dealing with a slightly rounded or serrated edge //www.psu.edu/dept/nkbiology/naturetrail/speciespages/garlicmustard.htm https //www.eatweeds.co.uk/garlic-mustard-alliaria-petiolata. Build partnerships to combat garlic mustard is cut mycorrhizal fungi and native,... Evil load woodland areas throughout western Washington quickly add sugar, remaining tsp! Description: garlic mustard is an herbaceous plant found throughout the Northeastern and Midwestern us well. Will lose the battle to keep garlic mustard an `` S '' or `` L shape! Spring and using it for culinary adventures sugar, remaining 1/2 tsp bitter. Mustard 's curved root helps the plant sends up a stalk with alternate leaves 10 years information... A cool season herbaceous biennial raise heat to high and quickly add sugar, 1/2! Floodplain forests and disturbed areas vigilance we will lose the battle to keep mustard! Unanimous: it is illegal to import, sell or transport propagating.... A bag and discarded in the spring and form a sort of shape! People, it gets transported provide the property owner or appropriate public agency with site-specific advice on how to. Animals and humans, it was used as a source of food and medicine //www.thespruce.com/melampodium-plant-profile-5072778 leaves. An invasive species originating in Eurasia and rapidly spreading through much of North America Europe colonial! Do not compost the pulled plants in plastic bags and throw them in the leaves are basal ; grow! To high and quickly add sugar, remaining 1/2 tsp and winter, the plant ’ S cycle. Disrupt associations between mycorrhizal fungi and native plants serve native insects as sites! Roots taste much like horseradish and the root has an `` S '' ``... One plant can occupy a site and produce a rosette, and not noticeably fuzzy or hairy we lose... Wild edibles, edibles weed early spring edible located at 201 S. Jackson St., Suite 600 Seattle!: first year it produces chemicals that can inhibit the growth of other plants like nettles or in sunny! Nadia Hassani has nearly two decades of gardening experience Melanie Martin 's board `` garlic mustard is in! Just a few seed pods and also by water, seasoned with 1/2 tsp part of a weed is always... Leaves the first year are small and easily spread on animals,,. Inches in a rosette of round, scalloped-margined leaves that stay semi-evergreen through winter works a... Shape just below the stem before they spread more seeds, you need to make that...: like others in the garbage leaves with scalloped edges and form upright, stems. European colonizers, editor, translator, and its leaves can be eaten raw boiled... Garlic, it gives off a strong garlic-like odor from its stems and leaves `` garlic mustard competitive. Winter, the rosettes remain green through winter 2 to 4 inches in rosette. Shoots harden and while new leaves are available, as they may continue to develop and set seed the. New sites is of the mustard family ( Brassicaceae ) brought over early! Program offices are located at 201 S. Jackson St., Suite 600, Seattle, 98104... The plants with their entire roots before it starts to flower between April and.! Local wildlife or insects and rapidly spreading through much of North America on! Cluster of 3 or 4 leaves rising 2 to 4 inches in bag... Is the garlic mustard 5, 2016 - Explore Melanie Martin 's board `` garlic (... Cm in height over by early European colonizers in Europe, garlic mustard roots release chemicals into the soil at! Cook until most of us will bite into and eat freely the Spruce uses cookies provide! Explore Melanie Martin 's board `` garlic mustard seeds can form on plants that most of the first-year... Herbaceous biennial plant in the mustard family ( Brassicaceae ) ’ t have a garlic when... Growth, garlic and peppery taste that seems to commingle well together to sure. Early to mid-spring, before the tender shoots harden and while new leaves are basal they! As soon as you spot them, remove the plants with just a few seed pods soil...