The organisation has two permanent bodies — the SCO Secretariat based in Beijing and the Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is an intergovernmental organization founded in Shanghai on 15 June 2001. (MENAFN - Trend News Agency) Baku, Azerbaijan, Aug 30By Fakhri Vakilov-Trend:One of the largest Chinese companies, Alibaba Group, pla At the Dushanbe summit, members agreed to "oppose intervention in other countries' internal affairs on the pretexts of 'humanitarianism' and 'protecting human rights;' and support the efforts of one another in safeguarding the five countries' national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity, and social stability."[6]. [11] In 2017, SCO's eight full members account for approximately half of the world's population, a quarter of the world's GDP, and about 80% of Eurasia's landmass. [82], A European Parliament researcher expressed her view that "institutional weaknesses, a lack of common financial funds for the implementation of joint projects and conflicting national interests have prevented the SCO from achieving a higher level of regional cooperation". [16], In 2008, Belarus applied for partner status in the organisation and was promised Kazakhstan's support towards that goal. He said China will host a China-SCO forum on the digital economy next year in China's Chongqing city. Senior officials from India and China as well as diplomats from various countries on Sunday took part in a Yoga event organised by the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), which is … The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter was signed during the St.Petersburg SCO Heads of State meeting in June 2002, and entered into force on 19 September 2003. The Council of Heads of State is the top decision-making body in the SCO. Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is an intergovernmental international organization founded in Shanghai on 15 June 2001 by six countries… [88], The People's Daily expressed the matter in these terms: "The Declaration points out that the SCO member countries have the ability and responsibility to safeguard the security of the Central Asian region, and calls on Western countries to leave Central Asia. LIVE! To solve the current problem Russia will take part in changing the global financial structure so that it will be able to guarantee stability and prosperity in the world and to ensure progress. The position of Dialogue Partner was created in 2008. During the meet, India also extended an invitation to the SCO member states for SCO Food Festival. The G7 (or Group of Seven) is an organisation made up of the world's seven largest so-called advanced economies: Canada, France, Germany, … The issue was discussed by defence ministers and foreign ministers of the two countries on the SCO platform in Moscow. [81], The SCO has made no direct comments against the U.S. or its military presence in the region; however, some indirect statements at the past summits have been viewed by Western media outlets as "thinly veiled swipes at Washington". Influence in Asia? The SCO Group began in 2002 with a renaming of … The Forum aims to strengthen the exchange and cooperation in the field of mass media amongst SCO countries. This is the first-time India hosted the SCO Heads of Government meeting after it joined the eight-member grouping in 2017. Mongolia became the first country to receive observer status at the 2004 Tashkent Summit. The first SCO Media Summit was held in Beijing on 1 June 2018. Chinese Premier Li Keqiang on Monday made a strong pitch for greater counter-terrorism cooperation among the SCO countries to foster a secure and stable environment for development. In July 2005, at the summit in Astana, Kazakhstan, with representatives of India, Iran, Mongolia and Pakistan attending an SCO summit for the first time, the president of the host country, Nursultan Nazarbayev, greeted the guests in words that had never been used before in any context: "The leaders of the states sitting at this negotiation table are representatives of half of humanity". The SCO-Afghanistan Contact Group is better placed to provide solutions and take forward the peace process because it includes key players in the region and Afghanistan itself, the official said. It serves to implement organisational decisions and decrees, drafts proposed documents (such as declarations and agendas), function as a document depository for the organisation, arranges specific activities within the SCO framework, and promotes and disseminates information about the SCO. [5], Subsequent annual summits of the Shanghai Five group occurred in Almaty, Kazakhstan in 1998, in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan in 1999, and in Dushanbe, Tajikistan in 2000. "Starting today, such tours of duty will be conducted regularly and on the strategic scale", Putin said. ", Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program, International relations of the Great Powers (1814–1919), Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC), Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), China–Japan–South Korea trilateral summits, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, Australia–New Zealand–United States Security Treaty (ANZUS), Brazil–Russia–India–China–South Africa (BRICS), Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Colombia–Indonesia–Vietnam–Egypt–Turkey–South Africa (CIVETS), India–Brazil–South Africa Dialogue Forum (IBSA), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (CCASG / GCC), Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shanghai_Cooperation_Organisation&oldid=992045085, Intergovernmental organizations established by treaty, International organizations based in Asia, United Nations General Assembly observers, Articles with failed verification from June 2016, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2016, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Shanghai Five group, founded on 26 April 1996, Mutual security, political, economic organisation, Chabal, Pierre (2019), La coopération de Shanghai : conceptualiser la nouvelle Asie, Presses de l'Université de Liège, 308 p; 2019 -. [55][56] A follow up plan with 100 specific actions was signed one year later, on 23 September 2004. The first meeting of the SCO Interbank Association was held in Beijing on 21–22 February 2006. [25] This was reinforced again on 21 November 2016, after the European Parliament voted unanimously to suspend accession negotiations with Turkey. India said Monday that the most important challenge faced by countries belonging to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is cross-border terrorism. Other SCO members, however, have not committed themselves to the idea. In addition to HSC and HGC meetings, there is also a mechanism of meetings at the level of heads of parliament; secretaries of Security Councils; ministers of foreign affairs, defence, emergency relief, economy, transport, culture, education, and healthcare; heads of law enforcement agencies and supreme and arbitration courts; and prosecutors general. [2], The Shanghai Five grouping was created 26 April 1996 with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening Military Trust in Border Regions in Shanghai, China by the heads of states of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan. This is the fundamental statutory document which outlines the organisation's goals and principles, as well as its structure and core activities. SCO members are all emerging markets. 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